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Oftmals kann Wrestling versprochene Gesamtbetrag des Willkommens-Angebots auch Гber mehrere? - DANKE an unsere Werbepartner.John Cena und Shay Shariatzadeh haben geheiratet. Traditionally, a championship may not change hands in the event of Chilli House Essen draw though it Mma Ufc become vacantthough some promotions Mbtc To Euro as Wrestling Nonstop Action Wrestling have endorsed rules where the champion may lose a title by disqualification. Conversely, celebrities from other sports or general Wrestling culture also become involved with wrestling for brief periods of time. Disqualification sometimes abbreviated as "DQ" occurs when a wrestler violates the Wrestling rules, thus losing automatically. The career-spanning history between characters Mike Awesome and Masato Tanaka is another example of a long-running feud, as is the case of Steve Austin vs. The South Park episode Entenmuscheln Preis W. In the basic ladder match, the wrestlers or teams of wrestlers must climb a ladder to obtain a prize that is hoisted above the ring. In a battle royal, Wrestling the wrestlers enter the ring to the point that there are 20—30 wrestlers in the ring at one time. Wrestling at the Summer Olympics. The internet has given fans exposure to worldwide variations Em Tippspiel Für Unternehmen Kostenlos wrestling they would be unable to see otherwise. Roulette Grün allows for heel characters to gain a scripted advantage by distracting or disabling the referee to perform some ostensibly illegal maneuver on their opponent. A count may be started at any time that a wrestler's shoulders are down both shoulders touching the matback-first and any part of the opponent's body is lying over the wrestler. In France in the 19th century, early professional wrestling shows in the Greco-Roman style were often performed at the circus by the resident strongmen. Lower ranked titles may also be used on the performers who show potential, thus allowing them greater exposure to the audience. This is the same as a submission, as in kayfabe the manager is considered the wrestlers agent and therefore authorized to make formal decisions such as forfeiting a match on the client's behalf. Main articles: Kayfabe and Shoot professional wrestling.
Throughout the history of professional wrestling, many other elements of media have been utilized in professional wrestling storytelling: pre- and post-match interviews, "backstage" skits, positions of authority and worked behind-the-scenes feuds, division rankings typically the 1-contendership spot , contracts, lotteries, news stories on websites, and in recent years social media.
Also, anything that can be used as an element of drama can exist in professional wrestling stories: romantic relationships including love triangles and marriage , racism, classism, nepotism, favoritism, corporate corruption, family bonds, personal histories, grudges, theft, cheating, assault, betrayal, bribery, seduction, stalking, confidence tricks, extortion, blackmail, substance abuse, self-doubt, self-sacrifice; even kidnapping, sexual fetishism, necrophilia, misogyny, rape and death have been portrayed in wrestling.
Some promotions have included supernatural elements such as magic, curses, the undead and Satanic imagery most notably the Undertaker and his Ministry of Darkness , a stable that regularly performed evil rituals and human sacrifice in Satanic-like worship of a hidden power figure.
Celebrities would also be involved in storylines. Commentators have become important in communicating the relevance of the characters' actions to the story at hand, filling in past details and pointing out subtle actions that may otherwise go unnoticed.
A main part of the story-telling part of wrestling is a promo, short for promotional interview. Promos are performed, or "cut", in wrestling jargon , for a variety of reasons, including to heighten interest in a wrestler, or to hype an upcoming match.
Since the crowd is often too loud or the venue too large for promos to be heard naturally, wrestlers will use amplification when speaking in the ring.
Unlike most Hollywood acting, large and highly visible handheld microphones are typically used and wrestlers often speak directly to the audience.
Professional wrestling mimics the structure of title match combat sports. Participants compete for a championship and must defend it after winning it.
These titles are represented physically by a title belt that can be worn by the champion. In the case of team wrestling, there is a title belt for each member of the team.
Almost all professional wrestling promotions have one major title, and some have more. Championships are designated by divisions of weight, height, gender, wrestling style and other qualifications.
Typically, each promotion only recognizes the "legitimacy" of their own titles, although cross-promotion does happen.
When one promotion absorbs or purchases another, the titles from the defunct promotion may continue to be defended in the new promotion or be decommissioned.
Behind the scenes , the bookers in a company will place the title on the most accomplished performer, or those the bookers believe will generate fan interest in terms of event attendance and television viewership.
Lower ranked titles may also be used on the performers who show potential, thus allowing them greater exposure to the audience.
However other circumstances may also determine the use of a championship. A combination of a championship's lineage, the caliber of performers as champion, and the frequency and manner of title changes, dictates the audience's perception of the title's quality, significance and reputation.
A wrestler's championship accomplishments can be central to their career, becoming a measure of their performance ability and drawing power.
In general, a wrestler with multiple title reigns or an extended title reign is indicative of a wrestler's ability to maintain audience interest or a wrestler's ability to perform in the ring.
As such, the most accomplished or decorated wrestlers tend to be revered as legends due to the amount of title reigns they hold.
American wrestler Ric Flair has had multiple world heavyweight championship reigns spanning over three decades.
Often a match will take place under additional rules, usually serving as a special attraction or a climactic point in a feud or storyline.
Sometimes this will be the culmination of an entire feud, ending it for the immediate future known as a blowoff match.
Perhaps the most well-known non-standard match is the cage match , in which the ring is surrounded by a fence or similar metal structure, with the express intention of preventing escape or outside interference—and with the added bonus of the cage being a potentially brutal weapon or platform for launching attacks.
The WWE has another provision where a standard cage match can end with one wrestler or wrestling team escaping the cage through the door or over the top.
Another example is the WWE's Royal Rumble match, which involves thirty participants in a random and unknown order.
The Rumble match is itself a spectacle in that it is a once-yearly event with multiple participants, including individuals who might not interact otherwise.
It also serves as a catalyst for the company's ongoing feuds, as well as a springboard for new storylines. While the wrestling matches themselves are the primary focus of professional wrestling, a key dramatic element of the business can be entrances of the wrestlers to the arena and ring.
It is typical for a wrestler to get their biggest crowd reaction or "pop" for their ring entrance, rather than for anything they do in the wrestling match itself, especially if former main event stars are returning to a promotion after a long absence.
All notable wrestlers now enter the ring accompanied by music, and regularly add other elements to their entrance.
The music played during the ring entrance will usually mirror the wrestler's personality. Many wrestlers, particularly in America, have music and lyrics specially written for their ring entrance.
While invented long before, the practice of including music with the entrance gained rapid popularity during the s, largely as a result of the huge success of Hulk Hogan and the WWF, and their Rock 'n' Wrestling Connection.
When a match is won, the victor's theme music is usually also played in celebration. Because wrestling is predetermined, a wrestler's entrance music will play as they enter the arena, even if they are, in kayfabe , not supposed to be there.
For example, in through , The Shield was a trio of wrestlers who were in kayfabe not at the time under contract with WWE hence their gimmick of entering the ring through the crowd , but they still had entrance music which was played whenever they entered the arena, despite the fact that they were kayfabe invaders.
Another method of entry involves descending from the ceiling with a Zip-line or rappel line and stunt harness.
Special ring entrances are also developed for big occasions, most notably the WrestleMania event.
Live bands are sometimes hired to perform live entrance music at special events. John Cena and Triple H are particularly notable in recent years for their highly theatrical entrances at WrestleMania.
The women's division of professional wrestling has maintained a recognized world champion since , when Mildred Burke won the original World Women's title.
She then formed the World Women's Wrestling Association in the early s and recognized herself as the first champion, although the championship would be vacated upon her retirement in The NWA however, ceased to acknowledge Burke as their Women's World champion in , and instead acknowledged June Byers as champion after a controversial finish to a high-profile match between Burke and Byers that year.
For most of its history, men and women would rarely compete against each other in professional wrestling, as it was deemed to be unfair and unchivalrous.
Andy Kaufman used this to gain notoriety when he created an Intergender Championship and declared it open to any female challenger. This led to a long worked feud with Jerry Lawler.
In the s, mixed tag team matches began to take place, with a male and female on each team and a rule stating that each wrestler could only attack the opponent of the same gender.
If a tag was made, the other team had to automatically switch their legal wrestler as well. Despite these restrictions, many mixed tag matches do feature some physical interaction between participants of different genders.
For example, a heel may take a cheap shot at the female wrestler of the opposing team to draw a negative crowd reaction.
In lucha libre, cheap-shots and male-female attacks are not uncommon. Intergender singles bouts were first fought on a national level in the s.
Later, Chyna became the first female to hold a belt that was not exclusive to women when she won the WWF Intercontinental Championship.
Also, ODB's kayfabe husband and tag team partner Eric Young held the Knockouts tag team titles for a record days before it was stripped by Brooke Hogan because Young was a male.
Midget wrestling can be traced to professional wrestling's carnival and vaudeville origins. In recent years, the popularity and prevalence of midgets in wrestling has greatly decreased due to wrestling companies depriving midget divisions of storyline or feud.
However, WWE has made a few attempts to enter this market with their "minis" in the s and the "junior's league" as recent as It is still a popular form of entertainment in Mexican wrestling, mostly as a "sideshow".
Some wrestlers may have their own specific "mini me", like Mascarita Sagrada , Alebrije has Quije, etc. There are also cases in which midgets can become valets for a wrestler, and even get physically involved in matches, like Alushe , who often accompanies Tinieblas , or KeMonito , who is portrayed as Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre's mascot and is also a valet for Mistico.
Dave Finlay was often aided in his matches by a midget known mainly as Hornswoggle while in WWE, who hid under the ring and gave a shillelagh to Finlay to use on his opponent.
Finlay also occasionally threw him at his opponent s. The U. But the styles of professional wrestling are different, given their independent development for a long period.
Professional wrestling in the U. There is a story for each match, and even a longer story for successive matches.
The stories usually contain characters like faces and heels , and less often antiheroes and tweeners. It is a "triumph" if the face wins, while it is a "tragedy" if the heel wins.
The characters usually have strong and sharp personalities. The opposition between faces and heels is very intense in the story, and the heels may even attack the faces during TV interviews.
The relationship between different characters can also be very complex. Although professional wrestling in Mexico Lucha libre also has stories and characters, they are less emphasized.
Wrestlers in Mexico are traditionally more agile and perform more aerial maneuvers than professional wrestlers in the U.
Wrestlers often execute high flying moves characteristic of lucha libre by utilizing the wrestling ring 's ropes to catapult themselves towards their opponents, using intricate combinations in rapid-fire succession, and applying complex submission holds.
The style of Japanese professional wrestling puroresu is again different. With its origins in traditional American style of wrestling and still being under the same genre, it has become an entity in itself.
In most of the largest promotions, such as New Japan Pro-Wrestling , All Japan Pro Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Noah , it is treated as a full contact combat sport as it mixes hard hitting martial arts strikes with shoot style submission holds ,  while in the U.
Wrestlers incorporate kicks and strikes from martial arts disciplines, and a strong emphasis is placed on submission wrestling , and unlike the use of involved storylines in the U.
This is known as "Lucharesu". Professional wrestling has developed its own cultures, both internal and external. Those involved in producing professional wrestling have developed a kind of global fraternity , with familial bonds, shared language and passed-down traditions.
New performers are expected to "pay their dues" for a few years by working in lower-profile promotions and working as ring crew before working their way upward.
Fans of professional wrestling have their own subculture, comparable to those of science fiction, video games, or comic books.
Those who are interested in the backstage occurrences, future storylines and reasonings behind company decisions read newsletters written by journalists with inside ties to the wrestling industry.
Some have expanded into radio shows. Some fans enjoy a pastime of collecting tapes of wrestling shows from specific companies, of certain wrestlers, or of specific genres.
The internet has given fans exposure to worldwide variations of wrestling they would be unable to see otherwise.
When the WWE purchased both WCW and ECW in , they also obtained the entire past video libraries of both productions and have released many past matches online and on home video.
Like some other sports, fantasy leagues have developed around professional wrestling. Some take this concept further by creating E-feds electronic federations , where a user can create their own fictional wrestling character, and role-playing storylines with other users, leading to scheduled "shows" where match results are determined by the organizers, usually based on a combination of the characters' statistics and the players' roleplaying aptitude, sometimes with audience voting.
From the first established world championship, the top professional wrestlers have garnered fame within mainstream society. Each successive generation has produced a number of wrestlers who extend their careers into the realms of music, acting, writing, business, politics or public speaking, and are known to those who are unfamiliar with wrestling in general.
Conversely, celebrities from other sports or general pop culture also become involved with wrestling for brief periods of time. Professional wrestling is often portrayed within other works using parody, and its general elements have become familiar tropes and memes in American culture.
Some terminology originating in professional wrestling has found its way into the common vernacular. Phrases such as "body slam", "sleeper hold" and "tag team" are used by those who do not follow professional wrestling.
The term "smackdown", popularized by The Rock and SmackDown! At least two stage plays set in the world of pro wrestling have been produced: The Baron is a comedy that retells the life of an actual performer known as Baron von Raschke.
From Parts Unknown The South Park episode " W. One of the lead characters on the Disney Channel series Kim Possible was a huge fan of pro wrestling and actually featured it on an episode with two former WWE wrestlers voicing the two fictitious wrestlers featured in the episode.
The film The Wrestler , about a washed-up professional wrestler, garnered several Oscar nominations. The film noir Night and the City , directed by Jules Dassin and starring Richard Widmark and Gene Tierney , told the story of a promoter in London trying to make it big, and featured a match involving real professional wrestler Stanislaus Zbyszko.
Wrestling has also gained a major following on YouTube with WWE being the being the most subscribed to Wrestling channel and sixth most subscribed to channel in the world.
With its growing popularity, professional wrestling has attracted attention as a subject of serious academic study and journalistic criticism.
Many courses, theses, essays and dissertations have analyzed wrestling's conventions , content, and its role in modern society. It is often included as part of studies on theatre, sociology, performance, and media.
This was not always the case. In the early 20th century, once it became apparent that the "sport" was worked, pro wrestling was looked down on as a cheap entertainment for the uneducated working class,  an attitude that still exists to varying degrees today.
Wrestling is described as performed art which demands an immediate reading of the juxtaposed meanings. The logical conclusion is given least importance over the theatrical performers of the wrestlers and the referee.
Professional wrestling has traditionally been based on catch wrestling holds, although earlier forms existed based on Greco-Roman wrestling in the 19th century.
Matches are highly theatrical, with dramatic stories such as feuds between the athletes developed and performed as part of build-up and promotion for matches.
Before its increase in popularity in the mid s, professional wrestling in the United States was organised as a cartel of regional monopolies, known as "territories.
A different style of professional wrestling evolved in the United Kingdom and spread across Western Europe where it was known as "Catch" in the non English speaking countries of mainland Europe.
Traditionally in this style, there was less use of storylines and angles to promote the matches which, for the most part, had the atmosphere of real wrestling competition.
In many countries such as the UK, this form of professional wrestling achieved mainstream popularity with television making household names of its stars, but later declined and was supplanted both on television and in wider culture by imported American wrestling.
Some promoters in the UK and to a lesser extent France and Germany still produce live shows in this style but face stiff competition from more American-styled rivals.
Japanese professional wrestling, also known as puroresu , is also treated more as a sport than the entertainment style of wrestling common in North America.
Techniques include use of amateur or shoot wrestling tactics in addition to hard hitting martial arts strikes and complex submission maneuvers.
This means that the wrestlers are more prone to injury. Mexican professional wrestling, also known as lucha libre , is a style of wrestling using special holds.
Most performers, known as luchadores singular luchador , begin their careers wearing masks, but most will lose their masks during their careers.
Traditionally a match involves the best of three rounds, with no time limit. Each luchador uses his own special wrestling style or "estilo de lucha" consisting of aerial attack moves, strikes and complex submission holds.
In France in the 19th century, early professional wrestling shows in the Greco-Roman style were often performed at the circus by the resident strongmen.
This style later spread to circuses in Eastern Europe, particularly in Russia where it was a staple part of circuses in the Soviet era, where it was often advertised as "French wrestling.
Sambo is a martial art that originated in the Soviet Union specifically Russia in the 20th century. It is an acronym for "self-defence without weapons" in Russian and had its origins in the Soviet armed forces.
Its influences are varied, with techniques borrowed from sports ranging from the two international wrestling styles of Greco-Roman and freestyle to judo, jujitsu, European styles of folk wrestling , and even fencing.
The rules for sport sambo are similar to those in competitive judo, with a variety of leg locks and defense holds from the various national wrestling styles in the Soviet Union, while not allowing chokeholds.
The rapid rise in the popularity of mixed martial arts MMA has increased interest in wrestling due to its effectiveness in the sport.
Already in the early stages of MMA development, wrestling gained respect due to its effectiveness against traditional martial artists.
The competitive wrestlers, the highly successful amateur wrestlers have such tremendous mental toughness.
If you can just get through the room, the wrestling room practices at like really high level universities, NCAA division one teams; those guys are savages.
The stuff they go through, just the overtraining, just the mental toughness that you have to develop. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Form of combat sport involving grappling type techniques. For the dramatized athletic spectacle, see Professional wrestling.
For other uses, see The Wrestler. For other uses, see Wrestling disambiguation. Wrestling at the Summer Olympics. Main articles: History of wrestling and History of professional wrestling.
See also: History of physical training and fitness. Main article: Wrestling mythology. Tibetan wrestlers in Indian wrestler exercising near Varanasi , Main article: Greco-Roman wrestling.
Wrestling referee in dreadlocks row suspended. Taymazov stripped of London gold. Second European Games begin in Minsk.
Kenny heads GB European Games squad. Published duration 25 November. Published duration 21 October. Attribution Wales. Published duration 20 October.
In Greco-Roman wrestling, the wrestlers use only their arms and upper bodies to attack, and can only hold those same parts of their opponents. As the name suggests, freestyle is a much more open form in which wrestlers also use their legs and may hold opponents above or below the waist.
The Games were the only ones where wrestling was not present in any shape or form. Freestyle wrestling first appeared on the Olympic programme at the Games in St Louis.